Discover Window Types

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Windows can vary in many ways: some types are easier to open, some are ideal for broad views, and some are great for airflow. Different types of windows also have unique looks to fit with a home’s architectural style. Narrowing down the many options starts with understanding the basic window types. 

Windows are either operable (can open) or fixed (can’t be opened). You can also find windows designed for new construction or replacement. A window for new construction has a nailing fin, a rim that secures it in the opening of the wall. On the other hand, a replacement window does not have a nailing fin. It is secured in the existing window frame with fasteners, making it easier to install. Make sure to have measurements of the existing rough openings if you decide to purchase replacement windows. 

Now that you have an understanding of the structure of a window, here is a breakdown of the most common window styles, so you can make an informed purchasing decision regarding types of windows.

Bay Windows 


Bay windows can easily make any room bigger and brighter. They are usually made up of 3 windows: a center window that’s flanked by two windows angled back from the center. They provide an interesting architectural detail to both the inside and outside of your home. Not only will this provide a beautiful view of the outside, but bay windows also provide additional interior space and the ability to capture more light. 

Casement Windows


This type of window operates as a door, swinging out from one side. Casement windows are ideal for difficult-to-reach areas such as over a kitchen sink. Although they are easy to open and great to improve airflow, they are difficult to use with a screen and can often lack security. However, casement windows offer the advantage of being energy efficient. This has to do with the way the window closes; it pushes against a seal and a latch mechanism to provide the ultimate sealing method.

Awning Windows


Awning windows are very similar to casement windows except they swing out horizontally from the top. They typically open at the bottom and usually open outwards, although they are some options that open inward. Since the design is similar to casement windows, they are also a great energy-efficient option. The design of the awning windows helps keep the rain out when the window is open.

Sliding Windows


An affordable window installation option, sliding windows have simple locks and access to the outside. They typically have one or more panels that move horizontally along the tracks, allowing them to easily open up half of the window. This is a great option when you want a wider window and they are available in a variety of grille options so you can style the window to your liking.

Single and Double Hung Window


Single and Double Hung Windows offer a classic look and are also an affordable option. A double-hung model has an operable upper and lower sashes, both of which can move up and down to open and close.  With a single-hung window, only the lower sash is only operable. Unlike casement windows, they don’t use up exterior space. This makes them a great choice for when outdoor obstructions or activities would get in the way of an open casement window. The only disadvantage of these types of windows is in places where you can’t get full access to the window to close or open it. 

Choosing the right type of window for your home is half the challenge. The other half is finding a professional contractor to help you install them. At Thomas Garbati Builders we have windows for every need and offer all major brands. Feel free to give us a call at 860-443-1232 if you are interested in upgrading your windows.

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